Hiram Rhodes Revels
Did you know... The Republican Party was formed in 1854 after the Democrats voted to protect and to extend slavery. The 1860 Democrat platform declared its support for the Supreme Court's infamous Dred Scott decision. The 13th Amendment abolishing slavery passed Congress with the support of every voting Republican member but with the support of only 23% of the Democrat members When the 14th Amendment passed, not even one Democrat in Congress voted for civil rights for African-Americans The Republican Party of Texas emerged in Houston on July 4, 1867, with 150 African-Americans and 20 Anglos. The same year, the Ku Klux Klan actively began to attack African-Americans and Republicans. Two of the first three statewide leaders of the Republican Party of Texas were African-Americans. The first 42 African-Americans elected to the Texas Legislature were all Republicans. From 1865-1869, Texas Democrats passed "Black Codes" to prohibit African-Americans from voting, holding office, and serving on juries. They also refused to acknowledge Juneteenth and even drafted a new State constitution requiring the State Representatives and Senators be only "of the white race." When the Republicans gained the Texas Legislature in 1869, they established a system of free public schools to educate all the children of the State (something Democrats had refused to do) and started a Texas State Militia and a Texas State Police in which African-Americans proudly served. When Democrats recaptured Texas government in 1872, Democrat Governor Richard Coke's election was described as "the restoration of white supremacy and Democratic rule." Texas Democrats engaged in bizarre gerrymandering specifically to prevent African-American members from being re-elected to the Legislature. When African-American Republican legislator Robert L. Smith departed in 1897, no African-American was elected in Texas until 1966, when the U.S. Supreme Court ordered Texas Democrats to redraw districts. Texas Democrats enacted a poll tax that reduced African-American voter turnout in Texas from 100,000 to only 5,000, and passed white-only primary laws as well as Jim Crow segregation laws. As victims of Democrat racism and segregation, African-Americans were loyal to the Republican Party they started. In fact, Republican President Herbert Hoover received more than three-fourths of the African-American vote over his Democratic challenger Franklin D. Roosevelt. Republican President Dwight D. Eisenhower was the first president to appoint an African-American to an executive position on the White House staff. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 passed under Democrat President Lyndon Johnson were based on language proposed by Republicans in 1960. And even though they controlled both Houses of Congress by wide margins, Democrats were unable to garner enough Democrat support to pass the bills. Without the strong support of the Republicans in Congress at the time, the civil rights acts of the 1960s would not have become law. Three African-Americans have presided over Republican National Conventions but not one African-American has ever presided over a Democrat National Convention; and only one African-American has ever made it as high as Vice-Chair-not even co-chair-of a Democratic National Convention. Of the four African-Americans who have been U.S. Senators, three were Republicans. Since 1994, five minority citizens have held Statewide office in Texas as Republicans, but since 1872, only four as Democrats. African Americans made their most significant political and civil rights progress while affiliated with the Republican Party, and only in recent decades have African-Americans become a principle constituency of the Democrat Party. As demonstrated both by its platform and its voting record, the Democrat Party opposes school prayer, educational choice and charitable choice but supports same-sex marriages and partial-birth abortions-all positions opposite to those held by most African-Americans.
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